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Asian History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
Who Was Andres Bonifacio of the Philippines?
Biography of Supremo Andres Bonifacio, rebel leader of Katipunan, and national hero of the Philippines.
Learn About Jose Rizal, A National Hero of the...
Biography of Jose Rizal, hero of the Philippines. Rizal was a genius and polymath who advocated for human rights during Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines. He was executed at the age of 35.
Learn About Ashoka the Great (and Terrible)
Biography of Ashoka the Great, emperor of India's Mauryan Empire during the third century BCE.
How Chandragupta Maurya Conquered India
Biography of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of India's ancient Mauryan Empire, and grandfather of the famous Ashoka the Great.
Who Was Akbar the Great?
Biography of Akbar, the third emperor of India's Mughal Dynasty, born Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar. Famed for his religious tolerance, empire-building and patronage of the arts, he is known as Akbar the Great.
What to Know About India's Caste System
The caste system in India has ordered society both for Hindus and even non-Hindus over thousands of years. Learn more about the history of India's complex system of castes.
A Comparison of Japanese and European Feudalism
Comparison of feudalism in Japan and Europe. How did Japanese feudalism differ from European feudalism, and how were they similar?
How India and Pakistan Were Created
What was the Partition of India, and why did it happen? Learn more about this critical fracture in the subcontinent, just as it achieved independence from the crumbling British Empire.
Learn About The Four-Tiered Class System of...
Feudal Japan had a four-tiered class system based on Confucian logic, with samurai warriors on top and merchants on the bottom.
Biography of Emilio Aguinaldo
Biography of Emilio Aguinaldo, independence leader of the Philippines, who fought against the Spanish and also lead his fellow Filipinos in the Philippine-American War at the beginning of the twentieth century.
How Qin Shi Huang Became China's First Emperor
Qin Shi Huang was the first emperor of a unified China. He is famous for the terracotta army that is buried with him, as well as for beginning construction on the Great Wall of China.
True History of the Ninja
Ninjas dart through movies and comic books, but what is the historical reality behind the pop culture icon of The Ninja?
Learn About Samurai Suicide or Seppuku
What is seppuku? Why did samurai commit seppuku (also called harakiri)? How did they perform this ritual suicide in feudal Japan? Find answers to these questions here.
Learn About Mughal Rule in India over 300 Years
India's Mughal Empire ruled the subcontinent from 1526 to the beginning of the British Raj in 1858.
What You Should Know about China
Profile of the People's Republic of China, including facts about China's people, geography, culture, and history.
Who Was Emilio Jacinto?
Like so many Filipino revolutionary heroes, Emilio Jacinto lived a very short time, but his work and his ideas live on in the independent Philippines.
Map of the Ancient Indian Ocean Trade Routes
Map and brief history of the Indian Ocean Trade network, which linked China and Indonesia with India, the Arab world and East Africa for thousands of years.
What Was the Mandate of Heaven?
In China, an emperor could lose the gods' support - which meant it was time for a new dynasty. Learn more about this process, known as the Mandate of Heaven, here.
How Korea Ended Up Split in Two
How did the Korean Peninsula end up split into North and South Korea? Learn about the almost accidental creation of the divided Koreas here.
True History of the Samurai
Profile of the samurai, medieval Japan's warrior class. Includes information about the history of the samurai, samurai swords, other samurai weapons, samurai armor and samurai culture.
Learn About British Rule in India
Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1857; India was called the crown jewel of the British Empire. The Raj comprised modern day Pakistan and Bangladesh, plus India proper.
How Did the Mongols Impact Europe?
What effect did the Mongol Empire's expansion have on Europe? Learn more here about how Genghis Khan and his descendants impacted Europe, directly and indirectly.
How China Invented Gunpowder
Describes the invention of gunpowder by Tang Dynasty Chinese alchemists, around 850 A.D.
Why Did the US Enter the Vietnam War?
Why did the US enter the Vietnam War? Learn the answer to this Asian History FAQ.
What Brought Down the Great Han Dynasty in China?
The Han Dynasty ruled China during one of the country's golden ages, but it collapsed at roughly the same time as the similarly illustrous Gupta Empire in India, and the Roman Empire in the Mediterranean. Why did Han China fall?
Who Are the Brahmin Caste?
Who are the Brahmins? Find out in this glossary definition from your About.com Guide to Asian History.
How the Black Death Started in Asia
Although the Black Death, bubonic plague, is associated with medieval Europe, it began in Asia, and devastated cities there first. Learn about it here.
What To Know About the Tiger of Mysore, Tipu...
Tipu Sultan, also known as the Tiger of Mysore, was the last ruler in India strong enough to dictate terms to the British East India Company.
What You Should Know about the Philippines
The Philippines is an island nation in the western Pacific. Learn about the history, geography, and people of this fascinating country.
What Happened During China's Cultural Revolution?
Under Mao Zedong, Communist China underwent a spasm of violence known as the Cultural Revolution in the 1960s and 1970s. Learn more about it here.
What to Know about Tamerlane, Conqueror of Asia
Biography of Tamerlane, more properly known as Timur, the Central Asian conqueror. His empire stretched from Turkey to the border of Tibet, and from southern Russia to Oman.
What Was the Indian Revolt of 1857?
What was the Revolt of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Rebellion or the Sepoy Mutiny, all about? Learn why Indian soldiers rebelled against the British East India Company, leading to the downfall of the Mughal Dynasty and the East India Company.
General Antonio Luna, Hero of the Philippine -...
Antonio Luna was a brilliant military strategist who led troops against the American imperialists after the US took the Philippines from Spain in 1899.
Why Did China's Qing Dynasty Fall in 1911?
Why did China's final imperial dynasty, the Qing Dynasty, fall early in the twentieth century?
How the Meiji Restoration Ended Shogun Rule
The Meiji Restoration in Japan signaled the end of the shogunate system and the beginning of modern Japan.
How the Tokugawa Shoguns Controlled Japan
For more than 250 years, the Tokugawa shoguns ruled Japan as the heads of the bakufu, or military government, based at Edo (Tokyo). They relied on samurai warriors and their daimyo lords to keep Japan's complex feudal-style social system in order, up until the Meiji Restoration of 1868.
Facts to Know About Japan
A profile of Japan, including information about its history, culture, people, and land.
Learn About Ruthless Emperor Aurangzeb
Biography of Emperor Aurangzeb of the Mughal Empire in India, who ruled during the first half of the seventeenth century. A ruthless man, he imprisoned the maker of the Taj Mahal - his own father, Shah Jahan.
Babur, Founder of the Mughal Empire
Babur founded one of India's great empires - the Mughal Empire. Learn more about this pivotal figure in the history of India here.
How Ferdinand Marcos Became Dictator
Biography of Ferdinand Marcos, the tenth president of the Philippines. His reign was known for corruption, the imposition of martial law, and his wife Imelda's shoe collection.
The True Story of the 47 Ronin
The 47 Ronin, or masterless samurai, avenged their lord's death and became some of the most famous Japanese samurai in history. Learn about them here!
What You Should Know about Afghanistan
Profile of Afghanistan, including facts about its geography, government, culture, people, and history.
Learn About the Real Shaolin Monks
The monks of China's Shaolin Monastery are known for their fighting prowess, particularly in their own Shaolin style of kung fu. Learn more about this ancient monastery and its inhabitants.
History of the Joseon Dynasty in Korea
The Joseon dynasty ruled the Korea Peninsula from 1392 until the Japanese occupation of Korea in 1910. The Joseon era solidified the importance of Confucianism in Korean culture; saw the invention of hangul, the Korean alphabet; witnessed the first Korean tea ceremony; and left lasting monuments such as the Gyeungbokgung Palace.
The Huns Bring Down Classical India's Gupta...
The Gupta Empire in India marked one of the high points of Indian history, the pinnacle of classical India. Why did the Gupta Dynasty collapse in 550 CE?
The Life of Apolinario Mabini, Conscience of...
Apolinario Mabini served as the first Prime Minister of the Philippines. He is called both the brains and the conscience of the revolution.
Indian Castes and Feudal Japanese Classes
India's caste system was based on Hinduism, while feudal Japan's four-tiered class structure sprang out of Confucian thought. Nonetheless, the two were remarkably similar in some ways. Compare India's caste system and Japan's four-tiered class structure.
Why Was Qin Shi Huangdi Buried with Terracotta...
Why was Qin Shi Huangdi of China buried with an army of terracotta soldiers?
How Genghis Khan Created History's Largest Empire
Brief history of the Mongol Empire, founded by Genghis Khan, which was one of the largest empires in human history.
7 Famous Ninjas of Asian History
Learn about seven of the most famous ninja of all time.
A Guide to China’s Dynasties
List of the imperial dynasties of China, from the early mythical dynasties to the Qing dynasty.
Learn About the Hashashin, Original Assassins
History of Persia's Assassins, or Hashashin - an Ismaili sect who used targeted killings of political and religious leaders.
Was Tibet Always Part of China?
Is Tibet part of China? History of the interactions between China and Tibet, including the unclear relationship between the two over time. Was Tibet really part of China before 1949, or was it an independent country?
Pakistan Facts and History
Facts and history of Pakistan, including information about its culture, geography, economy and peoples.
Learn About Great Chinese Explorer Zheng He
Biography of Zheng He, the famous Muslim eunuch admiral of Ming China's treasure fleet, who lead one of the greatest armadas in human history on seven voyages around the Indian Ocean world. Learn about Zheng He's life and accomplishments here.
What to Know about Gandhi
Mohandas Gandhi, also known as the Mahatma, led the non-violent independence movement in India that called an end to the British colonial government. Learn more about this pivotal 20th century leader here.
What Effect Did the Crusades Have on the Middle...
What effect did the Crusades have on the Middle East? Learn about it here.
Myanmar Facts and History
Profile of Myanmar (Burma), Southeast Asia, including information about the country's government, population, geography, and economy. Also covers briefly the country's history from the Paleolithic Era to the troubles of the present day.
The Ninjas' Last Stand, 1581
At the end of the sixteenth century, Oda Nobunaga began to reorganize chaotic feudal Japan, and the ensuing peace spelled the end of the ninjas. Learn more about the battle and siege that signaled the end of ninja independence here.
What Role Has the Yellow River Played in...
What role has the Yellow River played in Chinese history?
How Kublai Khan Invaded Japan
In 1274 and again in 1281, the Mongol emperor of China, Kublai Khan, sent armadas to invade Japan. Nature - or the gods - defended Japan not once, but twice.
What You Should Know about India
Profile of the Republic of India, including information about its government, history, economy and geography.
Biography of Corazon Aquino
Biography of Corazon Aquino, who went from shy housewife to leader of the People Power movement and first female president of the Philippines, after leading the movement to oust dictator Ferdinand Marcos. Learn more about her in this biography.
Kim Il-Sung
Biography of Kim Il-Sung, the founding president of North Korea.
North Korea Facts and History
Profile of North Korea, including information about its people, government, climate, history and economy.
A Magnificent Monarch: Suleiman the Magnificent...
Biography of Suleiman the Magnificent, the most famous sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Learn more about The Lawgiver here.
Learn about Japan's Geisha
The geisha of Japan were highly trained and talented entertainers, adept in the arts of music, dance, poetry and conversation. Geisha were distinct from prostitutes, and usually did not perform sexual favors for their customers.
Genghis Khan Rose From Slavery to Rule the World
Biography of Genghis Khan, leader of Mongolia and one of history's great rulers, who conquered most of Eurasia in the early thirteenth century.
Timeline of India's Mughal Empire
Timeline of India's glorious Mughal Empire, which ruled the subcontinent from the time of Babar's conquest in 1526 until 1857, when the British Raj took over.
The Embattled Rohingya Minority of Myanmar
Who Are the Rohingya? Learn more about this persecuted minority in Myanmar (Burma) here.
Genghis Khan, Bringer of Peace?
Learn about the Pax Mongolica, a period of peace, stability, and international cooperation that resulted from the Mongol conquests in Eurasia.
The Assassination of Ninoy Aquino
Biography of Benigno Ninoy Aquino, opposition leader in the Philippines during the dictatorial rule of Ferdinand Marcos. Ninoy was the husband of later president Corazon Aquino and father of current president Benigno Aquino III, called Noynoy.
The Very First Sultan in History, Mahmud of...
Biography of Mahmud of Ghazni, the Muslim ruler who between 997 and 1030 CE conquered much of what is now Afghanistan, Pakistan, northern India, and eastern Iran from his base in Ghazni, Afghanistan.
Origins of Samurai Rule in Japan's Kamakura...
Brief history and description of the Kamakura Period in Japan, when the feudal system arose and the emperors lost power to the shoguns.
Learn about the Seven Voyages of the Ming...
In the early fifteenth century, Admiral Zheng He led the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet on seven voyages around the Indian Ocean, traveling as far as Arabia and East Africa. Learn more about the seven voyages of Zheng He and the Treasure fleet here.
Why Did Ming China End the Treasure Fleet...
Why did Ming China stop sending out the treasure fleets in 1433? How would world history have been different, if the Ming Dynasty had continued its Indian Ocean presence? These are some of the great questions of Asian history.
Iran Facts and History
Profile of Iran, formerly known as Persia, including facts about its people, geography, economy and history.
Korea's Fascinating Mask Dances or Tal
Carved wooden masks with exaggerated features and bright paint are one of the characteristic elements of Korean culture. Korean masks were originally used in shamanist rituals; today, they appear most often in cultural festivals. Learn about the origin and meaning of the masks, and see some of the dozens of mask designs here, as well as pictures of mask-dancers performing.
Learn About Ho Chi Minh Leader of Vietnam
Biography of Ho Chi Minh, leader of the North Vietnamese communist forces during the Vietnam War.
Learn About the Tragic Great Leap Forward in...
What was the Great Leap Forward? Find out about this tragic event in Chinese history.
What You Should Know about China's Mao Zedong
Biography of Mao Zedong, founder of the People's Republic of China.
King Sejong the Great of Korea
Biography of King Sejong the Great of Korea. This famous king of Korea invented the Korean script, hangul.
South Korea Facts and History
Facts and history of South Korea since the end of World War II.
Differences Between Communism and Socialism
Answer to the frequently asked question, What is the difference between communism and socialism?
Thailand Facts and History
Profile of the Kingdom of Thailand, including information about the country's government, population, geography, and economy. Also covers briefly the country's history from the Paleolithic Era to the present day.
Timeline of Mao Zedong's Life
A compact timeline of Mao Zedong's life, from a humble birth through the founding of the People's Republic of China, to the disaster of the Great Leap Forward and beyond.
Vietnam War Facts
A quick guide to facts on the Vietnam War: when did it happen, who was involved, who won the war, and how many people died?
Imperial Britain, Drug Pusher: The Opium Wars...
What were the Opium Wars, and why did they happen? Learn more about the First and Second Opium Wars between China and Great Britain.
Learn About Korea's Tragic Queen Min
Biography of the Joseon Korean Queen Min, also known as the Empress Myeongseong, who was assassinated by the Japanese in 1895.
Who Was the Real Last Samurai? Learn More about...
Biography of Saigo Takamori, famed in Japan as the Last Samurai. He played a key role in forming the Meiji government, and in the Satsuma Rebellion.
Why Did Hong Kong Belong to Britain?
Why did China lease Hong Kong to Britain? Find the answer here, in the About.com Asian History FAQs.
How Did the Ottoman Empire Encourage European...
From the 1400s, the Ottoman Empire took control of the pivotal link between Europe and the Asian spice islands. To get Asian goods, Europeans had to go around...
History and Facts about Malaysia
The area that is now Malaysia has a rich history stretching back millennia. The country itself, though, is quite young - it was created only in 1963, after throwing off British colonization. Learn more about this fascinating country's history, economy, people and landscapes.
Learn about the Growth of Nationalism in China...
How did rising nationalism in China and Japan compare in the important period between 1750 and 1914?
Who Created the Taj Mahal, and Why?
Glossary definition of the term Taj Mahal from your About.com Guide to Asian History.
How Toyotomi Hideyoshi Reunified Japan
Biography of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, one of Japan's Three Unifiers. Although he was born a commoner, Hideyoshi rose to be the most powerful man in Japan at the end of the Warring States Period.
Shah Jahan
Biography of Shah Jahan, emperor of Mughal India and designer of the world-famous Taj Mahal, a monument to his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.
What Does the Modern Japanese Emperor Do?
The current Emperor of Japan, Akihito, has little political power. So what does he actually do? Description of the official functions and daily life of the current Emperor of Japan.
Bangladesh Facts and History
Bangladesh is a relatively new country - it declared independence from Pakistan in 1971. The Bengali culture is one of the most ancient, however. Learn more about this new yet old country here.
Who Were the Viet Cong?
Glossary definition of the phrase Viet Cong, an important term from the Vietnam War.
Meet the Samurai Women of Asian History
Depiction of one of the earliest samurai women of Japan, the Empress Jingu, who lead an invasion of Korea in the second century CE.
Syria | Facts and History
Learn more about Syria - its history, demographics, religion, geography and more - in this profile of the Syrian Arab Republic.
The Earthquake That Shook Up Maoism - Tangshan,...
The Great Tangshan Earthquake of 1976 rattled much of northern China, and caused more casualties than any other quake in the twentieth century. It also shook the halls of power, fundamentally changing the people's view of the top Communist leadership.
Learn about Queen Seondeok of Ancient Korea
Queen Seondeok of Korea's Silla Kingdom was the first reigning queen of Korea, 606 - 647 CE.
This War Ended the Shogun's Power in Japan -...
In 1868, a civil war broke out in Japan between forces who wanted to return power to the emperor, and those who wanted to keep the shogun in power.
Want to Win? Study Sun Tzu's Art of War
Biography of Sun Tzu, famous military strategist and author of The Art of War, from ancient China’s Warring States Period.
Arabs Fought the Chinese Back in 751 at the...
The little-known but pivotal Battle of Talas River in 751 A.D. pitted the expanding Arab Moslem army against the forces of the Tang Dynasty Chinese Empire. China was defeated, which resulted in Central Asia becoming part of the Islamic world, and the diffusion of paper-making technology to the West.
Biography of Empress Cixi, the Dragon Lady of...
Biography of the Dowager Empress Cixi of Qing China. Sometimes called the Old Buddha or Dragon Lady, she is one of the most vilified rulers in history.
Biography of Muhammad Ali Jinnah of Pakistan
Biography of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan and a major independence figure in British India.
Handy Timeline of Zheng He and the Treasure...
Zheng He's life and the voyages of Ming China's Treasure Fleet. The great Muslim eunuch admiral spread word of China's wealth and power as far as Africa.
History of India's Gupta Empire, 320 - 550 CE
Brief history of the Gupta Empire in India, which witnessed the flowering of classical Indian culture and technology between about 320 and 550 CE.
How Indira Gandhi Became India's Iron Lady
Biography of Indira Gandhi, India's third Prime Minister, also known as the Iron Lady of India. She was the first woman elected to head a democratic country.
History and facts about Indonesia
The archipelago nation of Indonesia is renowned for its beauty, its arts, its geological instability, and its complicated political and religious life. Learn more about this fascinating country's people, lands, economy and history here!
What Really Happened at the Tiananmen Square...
In 1989, the Chinese government cracked down on protests in Tiananmen Square killing between 250 and 7,000 people in the Tiananmen Square Massacre.
Who Were the Mujahideen of Afghanistan?
Glossary definition of the term mujahideen, as applied in Afghanistan, from your About.com Guide to Asian History.
The Boxer Rebellion in Editorial Cartoons
A Puck Magazine Editorial Cartoon about the Boxer Rebellion in China. Emperor Guangxu refuses to confront the Boxer dragon, so the foreign powers threaten to do it for him.
The Ottoman Empire | Facts and Map
Map of the Ottoman Empire at its greatest extent, c. 1700 CE.
Photographs from the Vietnam War
Ngo Dinh Diem, President of South Vietnam, is greeted by U.S. President Eisenhower
14 Fun Facts about Class Identity in Feudal Japan
Fourteen facts and examples about class identity and the four-tiered social system in feudal Japan. See examples that show the inner workings of Tokugawa Japan's social structure.
What You Should Know About the Pashtun People
Who are the Pashtun people? Learn about their language, culture, and history in brief here.
Learn about India's Dalit or Untouchables
Glossary definition of the term Dalit from your About.com Guide to Asian History.
Toxins from the Sky - Napalm and Agent Orange...
The US used napalm and Agent Orange in vast quantities during the Vietnam War. How were these chemical weapons used, and what are their lingering effects on Vietnam?
Iraq | Facts and History
Facts and history of Iraq, formerly known as Mesopotamia, a cradle of human civilization that has seen several wars over the last few decades.
Learn About the History and Location of Singapore
Learn the answers to frequently asked questions about Singapore, including Where is Singapore? What is Singapore? and Why is Chewing Gum Banned in Singapore?
The Life of Manuel Quezon, President of the...
Learn about Manuel Quezon, second president of the Philippines, who led the government in exile during the Japanese occupation in World War II.
Horses or Elephants: Who Won the First Battle...
India's pivotal First Battle of Panipat pitted the cavalry of Babur, founder of the Mughal Empire, against the war elephants of Ibrahim Lodi of the Delhi Sultanate.
A Picture History of Hairstyles in the Japanese...
Pictoral history of the evolution of hairstyles in Japan. Noble women throughout the ages followed many fashions in the court of the Japanese Emperor. See some of the different hairdos here.
Turkey | Facts and History
Facts about and history of Turkey, once the seat of the powerful Seljuk and Ottoman Empires, and today the leading secular nation in the Islamic world. Also includes information on the people of Turkey, the economy, religion in Turkey, and other topics.
What You Should Know about Vietnam
Facts about and history of Vietnam, Southeast Asia, from your About.com Expert on Asian History.
Fascinating Photos from a Genghis Khan Exhibit
A model of a Mongol warrior from the Genghis Khan and the Mongolian Empire exhibit at the Denver Museum of Science and Nature.
What You Should Know About Cambodia
The ancient land of Cambodia was a seat of Southeast Asian culture for centuries. During the 20th century, this nation was rocked by the horrors of World War II, the Vietnam War and the Khmer Rouge genocide. Learn more about the people, culture, and tragic history of Cambodia.
The World's Longest Reigning Monarch, Bhumibol
Biography of Thailand's King Bhumibol Adulyadej, Asia's longest-serving monarch.
Who Invented Paper, and When?
Learn more about the invention of paper, which took place in northwestern China around 2000 years ago.
Where Is Mesopotamia?
Where is Mesopotamia? Find out more about this amazing region in Iraq, one of the cradles of human civilization.
Emperors of Shang Dynasty China
List of the Shang Dynasty Emperors of China, according to information from the oracle bones and historian Sima Qian.
The Long and Unusual Life of China's Last...
The child Puyi served as China's last emperor. He was young when the Qing Dynasty fell, and lived to see the communists come to power decades later.
3 Revolutionary Heroes of the Philippines
During the fight against colonialism in the Philippines, key revolutionary leaders Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio,and Emilio Aguinaldo helped lead the Filipino people to rise up at the turn of the 20th century against the Spanish and then the American occupiers.
Facts on the Korean War | A Quick Guide
A quick guide to facts on the Korean War: When did it happen, who was involved, who won the Korean War, and how many people died?
Jawaharlal Nehru, India's First Prime Minister
Biography of Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian independence leader, India's first prime minister, and leader of the international non-aligned movement during the Cold War.
50 Amazing Asian Inventions
Links to information from 10,000 BCE to 2000 CE, from silk cloth to the PC sound card.
How to Be Beautiful in Heian Era Japan
In Heian-era Japan (794-1185), beauty standards were quite different from those of modern-day Japan. Learn here about makeup and fashion in ancient Japan.
How China Invented the Crossbow
Learn more about the invention of the crossbow, probably in China or nearby parts of Central Asia, here.
Timeline of the Boxer Rebellion
Timeline of the Boxer Rebellion in China at the turn of the 20th century. Chinese Boxers took up arms against foreigners, Chinese Christian converts, and other symbols of foreign oppression in Qing China in 1899-1901, but the rebellion was quashed.
Learn about Japanese Shoguns
Glossary definition of the term shogun from your About.com Guide to Asian History.
What Is ISIS and Where Did It Come From?
A terrorist group called ISIS is ravaging parts of Iraq and Syria, committing massacres and atrocities as they try to create a new caliphate. Who are they?
Laos | Facts and History
Facts about Laos and a brief history of the country in Southeast Asia.
Kublai Khan
Biography of Kublai Khan, founder of China's Yuan Dynasty and Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, who hosted Marco Polo at Xanadu
Taiwan | Facts and History
An island in the South China Sea, Taiwan is a manufacturing powerhouse and a democratic nation. It stands in opposition to mainland China, which claims Taiwan as a lost province, but the two have been separate since 1895.
China's Boxer Rebellion in Photos
Photo of Boxers on the march, northern China, at the beginning of the Boxer Rebellion (1899-1901). Photo essay on the Boxer Rebellion.
ISIS and the Quest for a New Caliphate
Why does ISIS want to establish a new caliphate in Iraq and Syria? What significance does the caliphate hold in the modern day? Learn more here.

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