After World War II
, former colonial power France assumed that it would be given control over Southeast Asia (Indochina
) once more. However, the people of Southeast Asia had other ideas. Chaos ensued as different armed groups sought to clean-up after the World War, reimpose French rule, or resist Vietnam's return to colonial status.
Sept. 1945- U.S. OSS officers under Lt. Peter Dewey spy and free Allied POWs
Sept. 2, 1945- Japan formally surrenders at Tokyo Bay, ending WWII in Pacific
Sept. 13, 1945- British troops arrive in Saigon. 150,000 Chinese loot Hanoi.
Sept. 16, 1945- Lt. Dewey mistakenly killed at roadblock by Viet Minh
Oct. 1945- Gen. Leclerc and 35,000 French land, expel Viet Minh from Saigon
Feb. 1946- Chiang Kaishek withdraws Chinese from Vietnam, exchange for Shanghai
May-Sept. 1946- Ho Chi Minh tries to negotiate end of French rule in Vietnam
June 1946- French establish "Republic of Chochinchina" in South Vietnam