In the early 20th century, France's colonial holdings in Indochina
(Southeast Asia) were becoming restive. When Japan occupied the region that is now Vietnam
, Cambodia, and Laos
during the Second World War
, the Japanese encouraged anti-colonial sentiment. After Japan's defeat, the French assumed that they would get the colonies back... But the Vietnamese had other plans.
1930- Ho Chi Minh establishes Indochinese Communist Party to Oppose France
1932- Bao Dai becomes French-sponsored puppet emperor of Vietnam
1940- Japanese occupy Indochina (but French colonial administration remains)
1941- Japanese move into southern Vietnam; Allies impose oil embargo on Japan
1941- Ho Chi Minh returns to Vietnam, fights the Japanese alongside Americans
March 9, 1945- Japan ousts French government, reinstalls Bao Dai as Emperor
Summer 1945- famine hits Hanoi, 2 million + starve, peasants revolt
August, 1945- Ho Chi Minh founds Viet Minh; uprising against French & Japanese
August, 1945- Japan surrenders to Allied Forces. Bao Dai abdicates throne.
August, 1945- Liberated France granted control of Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam