Snapshot of the Vietnam War:
When: The Vietnam War began on November 1, 1955 and ended April 30, 1975. It lasted for 19 and 1/2 years.
Maximum Troop Deployment: North Vietnam and its allies - approx. 500,000. South Vietnam and its allies - 1,830,000 (peak in 1968).
Who won the Vietnam War? The North Vietnamese army and their Viet Cong allies won the war. The United States and other foreign nations withdrew their troops by March, 1973. The South Vietnamese capital of Saigon fell to the communist forces on April 30, 1975.
Estimated total deaths:
South Vietnam - approximately 300,000 soldiers dead, up to 3,000,000 civilians
North Vietnam + Viet Cong - approximately 1,100,000 soldiers dead, up to 2,000,000 civilians
Cambodia - 200,000 or more civilians dead
United States - 58,220 dead
Laos - approximately 30,000 dead
South Korea - 5,099 dead
People's Republic of China - 1,446 dead
Thailand - 1,351 dead
Australia - 521 dead
New Zealand - 37 dead
Soviet Union - 16 dead.
Major Events and Turning Points:
Gulf of Tonkin Incident, August 2 and 4, 1964.
My Lai Massacre, March 16, 1968.
Tet Offensive, January 30, 1968.
Large Anti-war Protests Begin in US, October 15, 1969.