During the 18th and 19th centuries, the British East India Company
gradually extended its political as well as economic power in India. When the Indian Rebellion of 1857
(or the "Sepoy Rebellion") broke out, though, Britain's home government decided to take power into its own hands. India became the "crown jewel of the British Empire," but the people of India wanted self-rule.
1769 - Bengal Famine kills 10 million; East India Co. Does Nothing to Help
1799 - British Defeat and Kill Tippu Sultan, the "Tiger of Mysore"
1799-1849 - Sikh Empire in Punjab Founded by Maharaja Ranjit Singh
1877 - Queen Victoria Named Empress of India
1885 - Indian National Congress Formed
1906 - Muslim League Formed
1930 - Gandhi's Salt Protest and the March to the Sea