Bakufu: The military government of Japan between 1192 and 1868, headed by the shogun.
Originally the bakufu was responsible only for warfare and policing, and was firmly subordinate to the imperial court. Over the centuries, however, the bakufu's powers expanded while the emperors became mere figureheads. In 1868, the Meiji Restoration extinguished the bakufu's authority and returned political power to the emperor.
The word bakufu literally means "tent government" - evocative of the military camps where early bakufus were based.