Timeline of Central Asian history from the Aryan invasion through the fall of the Soviet Union.
Chinese Embassy to Ferghana Valley, Diplomatic Ties between China and Persians, Chinese capture Kokand, Kushan Empire, Sassanians overthrow Parthian, Huns invade Central Asia, Sogdian Empire, Turks invade Caucasus
Chinese Occupation of Mongolia and Tarim Basin, Arabs defeat Sassanians, Umayyad Caliphate established, Chinese expelled from Mongolia, Arabs capture Central Asian oasis cities, Chinese invade Ferghana Valley, Battle of Talas River between Arabs and Chinese, Kirghiz/Uighur strife, Uighurs move to Tarim Basin, Samanids defeat Saffarids in Persia
Timur (Tamerlane) conquers Central Asia, Timurid Empire, Ottoman Turks take Constantinople, Ivan III expels Mongols, Babur captures Samarkand, Shaybanids take Samarkand, Mongolian Golden Horde collapses, Babur takes Kabul, Uzbeks capture Bukhara and Herat
Ottoman Turks defeat Mamlukes and capture Egypt, Babur captures Kandahar and Delhi, Moghul Empire, Ivan the Terrible defeats Kazan and Astrakan, Tatars sack Moscow, Peter the Great invades Kazakh lands, Afghans depose Persian Safavids, Durrani Dynasty, Chinese conquer Uighurs, Uzbek khanate established
Barakzai Dynasty, Kazakhs revolt, First Anglo-Afghan War, Stoddart and Conolly executed by Emir of Bukhara, Crimean War, Russians capture oasis cities, Second Anglo-Afghan War, Geok-tepe Massacre, Russians conquer Merv, Andijan uprising
Russian Revolution, Fall of Qing China, October Revolution, Soviets capture Kyrgyz, Third Anglo-Afghan War, Basmachi Revolt, Soviets retake Central Asian capitals, Death of Enver Pasha, Ataturk proclaims Republic of Turkey, Stalin draws Central Asian borders